Ahmad Abu Hammad
Ahmad Abu Hammad
Associate Professor of Environmental degradation at Birzeit University in Palestine, received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. at the University of Jordan in 1990 and 1993, respectively, where he has got a full scholarship for his M.Sc. from ICARDA (The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas). After eight years of working as a professional planner for rural related environmental resources at the Palestinian Ministry of Planning, he earned his PhD at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB) in Oslo, Norway in 2004. For his Ph.D. thesis, he studied land degradation due to natural (Climatic and geomorphologic factors with the consequent geomorphologic related changes due to surface runoff and erosion) as well as anthropogenic factors (economic, social and traditional inheritance related factors) in the Central Palestinian Mountain area. He joined the first national Palestinian university, Birzeit, in 2005. He taught the geography of Palestine, the Applied Environmental Geography, the Physical Geography, the Regional Planning, the Quantitative Geography, and the Natural Resources Management at the Department of Geography in Birzeit. He is involved in the still on-going tradition of extended field excursions all over Palestine to bring together the physical, cultural and historical features of the landscape for students and faculty. Through this distinctive approach to geography he prepared tens of graduates who work in the Palestinian public and private sectors dealing with environment, physical planning, landscape, geography and education.
His research interests are soil and moisture conservation under arid and semi arid
conditions, water harvesting, modelling of land degradation using empirically-based
models utilizing GIS on a watershed scale, assessment of water quality for agrciultural use, soil classification, land use and land capability classification for agricultural uses, management of natural resources, environmental protection and environmental impact assessment, assessment and monitoring of land degradation and environmental changes under arid and smi-arid conditions, planning for sustainable use of natural resources, and landscape studies. His published books include Valuable Agricultural Areas in Palestine (co-authored), The Emergency Resources Protection Plan for Palestine, the Regional Plan for The West Bank of Palestine. He participated in the writing of many books, including: Endangered Cultural Heritage Sites in the West Bank, Palestinian Localities Names, and the Jerusalem Architectural Treasures.
He has participated in many group research ventures, including the Birzeit-Calvin Wadi el-Far’a Project (2000-2003) -http://www.calvin.edu/~dvrb/, and the Birzeit-Bergen Lower Jordan River Basin Project (1998-2008).
Refereed articles in international journals
- “Comparison between the efficiencies of surface and pressurized irrigation systems in Jordan”. June 1994. Irrigation and Drainage Systems. Vol. 8. Issue 2. :109-121.
- “Tillage-Residue Management Practices and Soil Physical Properties”. 1995. DIRASAT Journal.Vol22. Issue 2:413-422.
- “Tillage-Residue Management Practices, Soil Moisture, and Crop Yield in Rainfed areas of Jordan”. 1995. DIRASAT Journal.Vol22. Issue 2:445-462.
- “ Soil erosion and soil- moisture conservation under old terracing system in the Palestinian Central Mountains”. DOCTOR SCIENTIARUM THESES 2004, Agricultural Uniuversity of Norway. ISBN 82-575-0619-2 . ISSN 0802-3220.
5. “Effects of Stonewalled Terracing Techniques on Soil-Water Conservation and Wheat Production Under Mediterranean Conditions”. November 2004. Environmental Management Journal, Vol.34, No.5: 701-710.
6. “Adaptation of RUSLE in the Eastern Part of the Mediterranean Region“. December 2004. Environmental Management Journal,Vol.34, No.6: 829- 841.
7. “The road to deforestation: an assessment of forest loss and its causes in Basho Valley, Northern Pakistan. December 2005. Global Environmental Change Journal. Vol. 15, Issue. 4: 370 -380.
8. “Socio-economic Factors Affecting Farmers’ Perceptions of Land Degradation and Soil Conservation in Central Palestine. March 2006. Environmental Management Journal. Vol. 37, No. 3: 380 - 394.
9. “Effects of rain characteristics and terracing on runoff and erosion under the Mediterranean”. May 2006. Soil and Tillage Research Journal, Vol. 87, Issue No. 1: 39 -47.
10. "Erosion Risk Assessment Using RUSLE-GIS Based Technique: A watershed case study in the Mediterranean Region. 17 Nov. 2009. Water and Environment Journal. (Prior online publication). DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-6593.2009.00202.x
11. “ Perception of landscape change: Artas Valley/Palestine”. 2010. DIRASAT Journal. University of Jordan. Vol. 37, Issue 1.
12. “land degradation: socioeconomic and environmental causes and consequences in the Eastern Mediterranean”. 7 Dec. 2010. Land Degradation and Development. (Prior online publication). DOI: 10.1002/ldr.1069
13. “Public concerns about and perceptions of solid waste dump sites and selection of sanitary landfill sites in the West Bank, Palestinian territory”. 4 March 2015. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment (2015) 187:186 . DOI 10.1007/s10661-015-4401-1
14. “Geographical Distribution of Public Secondary Schools and Factors Affecting Success Rates in Rammallah and Al-Bireh Governorate using GIS”. November 1st 2015. European Journal of Social Sciences (2015). Vol 50, Issue 1:77-95.
Books & Monographs
- “ Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment for the Proposed Sites of the Border Industrial Parks- West Bank”. Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. 1996.
- “ Emergency Natural Resources Protection Plan for Palestine - West Bank Governorates - Agricultural Sector”. Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. 1996.
- “ Optimization of Water in Palestine Agriculture - Current and potential for development”. Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem (ARIJ). 1995.
- A published report on “ Environmental Profile for the West Bank - District of Bethlehem”. ARIJ. 1995.
- A research report entitled “ Landuse in Palestine”. ARIJ. 1995.
- “ Emergency Natural Resource Protection Plan for Palestine – Endangered Cultural Heritage Sites in the West Bank Governorates ”. Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. 1998.
- “ Valuable Agricultural Areas in the West Bank Governorates” Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. 1998.
- “ Regional Plan for the West Bank Governorates, Agricultural sector, current and future perspectives.” Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. 1998.
- “National Policies for Physical Development – the West Bank and Gaza Governorates” Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. 1999.
- “ Jerusalem’s Architectural Treasures”. Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. 1999.
11. " Wadi el Far'a Project report: An Environmental Assessment of the Wadi el-Far'a Watershed". 2006. The Lower Jordan River Basin Programme Publication- Birzeit and Bergen Universities. ISBN 82-7453-033-0.
12. " CULTURAL LANDSCAPE IN PALESTINE: Battir Region as a Case Study". April 2006. The PALESTINIAN MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND ANTIQUITIES in cooperation with the UNESCO.
13. “ Urban Encroachment on Agricultural Land: Factors and causes in Ramallah suburb area as a case study”. 2008. A research report.
14. “Public Concerns about Existing Dumping Sites and Attitudes Towards Selection of Sanitary Landfill Sites”. 2009. A research report.
15. “Landscape Planning under Political Instability – Palestine as a case study”. Third Architectural Event of the Jordan Engineers Association. June 2009.
16. “Regional Wastewater Disposal Tulkarem - Environmental Impact Assessment”. JV DAHLEM, IGIP, and Arabtech Jardaneh Final Consultancy EIA report. 2009.
17. “Environmental and Social Impact Assessment and Action Plan (ESIAAP) for Bethlehem Multi Industrial Park (BMIP)”. An Agence Française de Dévelopement (French Development Agency)))& Arabtech Jardaneh Final Consultancy report. 2009.