Established in 1972, the Faculty of Arts was one of the first two faculties at Birzeit University, alongside the Faculty of Science. The graduation of its first batch of students was in 1976 with only 43 students.

The Faculty is currently considered the largest faculty on campus in terms of specializations, enrollment, and university requirement courses.  It offers bachelor degree in 11 programs that include Arabic Language and Literature, English Language and Literature, German Language, French Language, Sociology, Psychology, History, Geography, Physical Education, Media, and Music. It also offers MA degree in 6 programs. In addition, it offers many language courses, such as Spanish, Turkish, Italian, Chinese, and Hebrew.    

The Faculty of Arts underpins Birzeit University cultural identity through offering all obligatory university requirements that include courses in Arabic Language, English, Cultural Studies, and Physical Education. It also offers the Palestine and Arab Studies program (PAS) that targets international students, and a minor in Women’s Studies area.