International humanitarian law: its concept, characteristics, its relationship to public international law, and its sources. The categories covered by the protection and the scope of this protection. The Fourth Geneva Convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War and the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions specializing in the protection of victims of international armed conflicts and international non-armed disputes, in terms of protected rights, the binding force of its provisions, the rules of international responsibility in accordance with the rules of international humanitarian law.