A historical overview of modern colonialism, its ideological formations and practices in the colonized world. Distinguishing between colonialism and settler colonialism in ideology and practice. Introducing cases of settler colonialism in the world (Australia, Canada, the United States of America, South Africa, etc.). Approaching Israel as a case of settler colonialism as a way of deepening our understanding of its specificities, in terms of ideology, social forces, legal and military practices. Covering other cases of Jewish and Christian settlement projects in 19th c. Palestine.