The aim of this course is to promote local governance, and the different models in the range of services that can be provided by governments and local bodies, and the financial and administrative independence of the local bodies, and the power granted to them in comparison with other systems. It also aims at reviewing the experiences of different countries and how does the distribution of powers functions between the central government and other levels of government decentralization (regional and local), and the diagnosis of the best practices in the field of decentralization and devolution of powers. The definition of the types of centralization and decentralization and their patterns (the distribution of powers “de-concentration”, “delegation”, and “devolution”, and the administrative, financial and political consequences for each style of these patterns). In addition to that reality of centralization and decentralization in the Palestinian context and diagnosis and possible defects will be examined in pursuit of upgrading it.