This course offers advanced studies in the field of Political Geography from the theories of Mackinder, Mahan, Haushofer and Spykman to the theories of the ‘End of History’ and the ‘Clash of Civilizations’. The intersection between these theories, American geopolitics and the Arab – Israeli conflict in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries will be explored, including the effects on the Arab world (and particularly Palestine) with regards to population, borders, water and settlement. Other advanced studies will be offered in Economic Geography and global economic dynamics through the pre–industrial period, the industrial revolution and the post-industrial period. This course will also focus on the spatial distribution of industry and agriculture across the globe, recent developments in tourism, and the role of the Palestinian and Arab world in the global economy of tourism, (understood through location theories in Industrial Geography).