History of maps science development, maps and survey in Palestine. Sources of data, web-cartography, introduction to Global Positioning Systems (GPS), map definition, types of maps and map elements, map reading and interpretation, benefits of maps. Scale of map, extraction of measurements. Geographic and projected coordinate systems. Principles of cartographic generalization, geographic information representation and symbolization. Labeling, thematic mapping, topographic maps, contour lines, reading and analysis of detailed topographic maps, practical and training to use software in map production (3 credit hours: 2 theoretical hours and 2 hours lab)

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