The school’s role in the social change, types and different concepts of change, educational change stages and its relationship with enhancing the efficiency of the educational institutions and its programs. Characteristics and the indicators of the effective and ineffective schools, and their influence on learning-teaching process. The institutional change with the implementation challenges/ problems, individual and group change methods, transformative educational leadership, the role of the teacher, student, school principal, director of education and the society in the changing educational leadership. Challenges that face achieving the change goals, which are resulted from the developmental programs of the teaching and the administrative staff. Principles of achieving the effectiveness of such programs, and focuses on studying different experiences in the educational change and its relation to the requirements of the local educational needs.