This course deals with the rise and development of Modern and contemporary Arab Thought. This is carried out through a systematic and deep-searching study of important intellectual and cultural currents. These include reformism, religious fundamentalism, nationalism, socialism, liberalism, etc. The course also deals with the interaction between these currents and the Arab-Islamic heritage, as well as Western Civilization. Finally, the course deals with the most important challenges which face Al-Mashriq And Al-Maghreb, which include: imperialism and decolonization, the national state and Arab unity, Democracy, Pan-Arabism and Islam, dependency and independence, problems of Arab-Islamic Culture, minorities, innovation and creativity, Palestine and the Zionist Challenge.

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