This course includes basic counseling theory and practice on the individual and group levels of intervention.  It provides students with fundamental culturally sensitive counseling skills necessary for developing a general framework for counseling Palestinian clients in the local socio-cultural and political context.  The basic counseling theories and intervention strategies are covered. Furthermore, the course includes a comprehensive study of the major approaches, techniques and intervention measures utilized in group therapy.  It covers the dynamics of group process, styles and stages of group formation, the application of major theoretical approaches of group therapy (i.e., Psychoanalytic, Gestalt, Person-centered, Existential, Behavioral, Psychodrama, and Rational Emotive).  Classroom activities include: role-play and group therapy, communication and theoretical exercise, designing and utilizing multi-level group inter-vention, and composing assignments related to group psychotherapeutic relationship and group context.