Study of the development of the Arab political system between World War I and World War II and their aftermath, with a focus on the period that witnessed the establishment of the Arab League and the transformations and developments that followed its establishment, which in turn contributed to the reform of the Arab political system. The study of the Arab political system within the context of the international political system, with a focus on its role in defining the nature of intra-Arab relations, the Arab-Israeli conflict and “the peace process”. Study of the last two decades and the consequences of the US declaration of “a new world order”, and “the war on terrorism”, and their impact on the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Arab political system in general.